In a liturgy in the Vatican basilica rich in symbols, pope Benedict XVI side by side with the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople, Bartholomew I, inaugurated the Pauline Year, the 2000th anniversary of the birth of Saint Paul, in which the Church of the East has planned pilgrimages to Rome and to the places of the apostle’s activity in Turkey (Ephesus, Miletus, etc.) and to Greece, Rhodes, and Crete.